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George Putnam, one of the country's leading turnaround and distressed investing professionals, shares his timely insight on the economy and turnaround investing opportunities.

Bankruptcy/Chapter 11 / Bonds / Mid Cap / Post-Bankruptcy Stocks / Transportation

AMR-USAir Merger: More Benefit for Competitors?

February 22, 2013

One of the top stories in the bankruptcy and turnaround investing world over the past few weeks has been the merger of US Airways with AMR Corp. (the parent of American Airlines). Most of the press coverage has discussed the effect on the two airlines that are merging. We believe that, in the short run at least, the principal beneficiaries of the merger may be their competitors, particularly Delta and United.

When large airlines merge, the integration of the two carriers usually proves much more difficult than anticipated. We saw this several years ago when US Air merged with America West and again more recently when United and Continental came together. Each airline has many key components--such as aircraft fleets, reservation systems, union contracts and myriad other things--and integrating these disparate components can cause headaches for the merger partners. For example, a large percentage of United Continental’s flights were grounded one day a few months ago when glitches appeared after the company tried to integrate the two legacy computer systems.

We expect that for at least the next several years, the costs of the USAir-AMR merger will be greater, and the synergies will be less, than the managements expect. Moreover, there could be significant snafus that will drive away customers, sending them to competitors.

These possible snafus are not the only potential benefits for the other airlines. They will also benefit from the reduced competition in the industry, as the number of major carriers is reduced by one.

For these reasons, we suggest that investors may want to focus more on the stocks of Delta and United Continental (both of which are on our Purchase Recommended List) than on US Air or AMR. At worst, Delta and United will get a small boost from industry consolidation. At best, they might get a big boost if integration problems at USAir-AMR drive customers away from the merged carrier to other airlines.

(Disclosure Note:  Accounts managed by an affiliate of the Publisher have positions in the securities of all four airlines.)

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Banking on a Financial Sector Turnaround

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MoneyShow.com recently tapped George's favorable opinion for a banking industry rebound. In "Turnaround Expert's Banking Bets," Steve Halpern highlights a trio of Putnam's top stock picks from the battered financial sector.

 

George reminds value investors: "Fortunately, many of the factors...just aren't present in the market, and the other reason that investors seem to be down on the banks is they sort of expected the Fed to raise interest rates a little faster than they have. And the banks do better when interest rates are rising because they have wider margins on their loans, but I think the Fed will gradually raise rates to we will see profits improve, and so I think this downturn is really temporary."

 

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